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Optimal preparation of many-body Rydberg states


Faithful preparation of given many-body quantum states is an essential step towards realizing quantum technologies based on the platform of Rydberg atoms. However, to accomplish such tasks is highly non-trivial given the limited coherence time of Rydberg states.

The aim of this research project is to identify optimal control pulses for preparing several quantum many-body states in Rydberg atoms fully taking into account relevant experimental considerations. The many-body quantum states to prepare include the ground states of localized Rydberg atoms in a trap or an optical lattice, which will be used in the future for the experimental investigation of quantum phenomena as well as of driven dynamics across the structural quantum phase transition (as predicted by the Kibble-Zuerk mechanism), of crystalline states of Rydberg atomic gases and of various entangled states for quantum information processing.

In all the above tasks, the pulse times should be shorter than the coherence times of the corresponding Rydberg states and in the meanwhile, all the relevant experimental constraints, e.g. the laser energy, the bandwidth of control signal, and lattice defects, among many others have to be fulfilled. To this end, we apply the dressed chopped random basis (dCRAB) optimal control method, which iteratively improves the fidelity of the prepared state through updating the coefficients of the control parameters expanded by some truncated randomized basis, to optimize the temporal shapes of the control pulses for our purpose.

Our research will provide an optimization toolbox to derive working control fields that steer the many-body Rydberg atomic gases to target states, even approaching the quantum speed limit, which is defined as the minimum time scale for a given set of external control fields to evolve the system in quantum states. On a more fundamental level, while efficiently preparing interesting many-body states that cannot be obtained otherwise, our research will enable scientific explorations of many-body physics on the Rydberg atomic gas platform.

Principal Investigator

Tommaso Calarco, Forschungszentrum Juelich

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